袁大頭是民國時期主要流通貨幣之一,“袁大頭”是對袁世凱像系列硬幣的口語俗稱,嚴謹點說叫“袁世凱像背嘉禾銀幣”。北洋政府為了整頓幣制,劃一銀幣,于民國三年(1914年)二月,頒布《國幣條例》十三條,決定實行銀本位制度。《國幣條例》規定:“以庫平純銀六錢四分八厘為價格之單位,定名為圓”,“一圓銀幣,總重七錢二分,銀八九,銅一一”,“一圓銀幣用數無限制”,即以一圓銀幣為無限法償的本位貸幣。根據這一規定,于1914年12月及1915年2月, 先后由造幣總廠及江南造幣廠開鑄一圓銀幣,幣面鐫刻袁世凱頭像,俗稱“袁頭幣”或“袁大頭”。辛亥革命以后,袁世凱就任“臨時大總統”之職,后又成為正式大總統。當時,為了鞏固國內政局穩定,發展民族經濟,也為“制憲”和“稱帝”作準備,于是發布《國幣條例》,毅然決定在全國“統一幣制”。1912年4月袁世凱出任大總統。北洋政府鑒于當時鑄幣、紙幣十分復雜,流通的中外貨幣在百種以上,規格不一,流通混亂,折算繁瑣,民眾積怨,同時也想借助貨幣改制以解決軍費問題,便決定鑄發國幣。袁世凱為了提高自己的統治地位,趁機把他的頭像鑄于幣面,“袁大頭”由此而來. “袁大頭”首次的鑄造時間是民國三年,而且該幣被定為中華民國國幣,因此,它在我國的錢幣史上具有非常重要的地位。
Yuan Datou was one of the main currency in circulation during the Republic of China. "Yuan Datou" is the colloquial term for the series of Yuan Shikai's portrait coins. Strictly speaking, it is called "Yuan Shikai's portrait back of the Golden Harvest Silver Coin". In order to rectify the currency system and standardize the silver coin, the Beiyang government promulgated 13 Articles of the National Currency Regulations in February of the Republic of China (1914) and decided to implement the silver standard system. The "National Currency Regulations" stipulate: "The price is based on Kuping's six quarters of pure silver, and the unit is named Yuan", "One round of silver coin, total weight of seven coins and two cents, silver eighty-nine, copper one one", " There is no limit to the number of one-yen silver coins", that is, one-yen silver coin is the standard credit currency with unlimited repayment. According to this regulation, in December 1914 and February 1915, one round of silver coins were minted by the Mint and Jiangnan Mint. The head of Yuan Shikai was engraved on the coin, commonly known as "Yuan Tou Coin" or "Yuan Head". . After the Revolution of 1911, Yuan Shikai assumed the post of "Interim President" and later became the official President. At that time, in order to consolidate the domestic political stability, develop the national economy, and prepare for the "constitution" and "proclaim the emperor", the "National Currency Regulations" were issued, and the country decided to "unify the currency system". In April 1912, Yuan Shikai became president. In view of the complexity of coinage and banknotes at the time, the circulation of more than one hundred Chinese and foreign currencies, different specifications, chaotic circulation, cumbersome conversion, and people's grievances, the Beiyang government also wanted to use currency reform to solve the military expenditure problem, so it decided to mint national currency. In order to improve his dominance, Yuan Shikai took the opportunity to cast his head on the currency, and the "Yuan Datou" came from this. The first time of "Yuan Datou" was cast in three years in the Republic of China, and the coin was designated as the national currency of the Republic of China. Therefore, it has a very important position in the history of my country's currency.
The front image of this collection is a profile portrait of Yuan Shikai. Above the head is the yearbook "Three Years of the Republic of China". There is no word "made" after the year. All other editions have the word "made" after the year. "There is a point in the word, but there is no point in the word "民" in other years. The pattern on the back is the golden circle around the Chinese character "一圓" in the middle. The coin is fine, the coin surface is delicate and tough, the patina is smooth and oily, the inscription is clearly carved without abrasion, the surface is smooth and clean, there is no obvious impact mark on the edge, the manufacturing process is also very exquisite, the shape is regular, and it is very delicate and beautiful.
The three-year-old Yuan head of the Republic of China is actually very scarce in the market, and this is a privately minted coin with a smaller amount of existence, and its circulation is not very large. Because of the age, many coins have been lost due to wars or accidents. It’s damaged, and some have even flown to the open sea, so it’s really not easy to find a treasure Yuan Datou. Since ancient times, things have been rare and precious. Many criminals are driven by interests to make coins. This shows that the significance of Yuan Datou's collection is immeasurable. The clear font of this collection belongs to the collection of hand-made coins. Has a very high collection value.